Fiji is the hub of the South Pacific, located midway between Vanuatu and Tonga. Covering a total area of some 180,000 square kilometresand with a total population of around 900,000, Fiji consists of 333 islands. The two largest islands are Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. The islands are mountainous and covered with thick tropical forests.
The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes. The warm season is from November to April and the cooler season lasts from May to October.
The richness of the Fijian culture came from a great combination of the ancient Melanesians and the Polynesians, who were responsibile for building a highly developed society at that time. Today most of the fascinating ancient rituals and traditions of Fiji can be traced to that origin while the ancient culture has been passed down through language, arts, music, food and clothes.
Fiji’s population is approximately 884,887 made up of indigenous Fijians (i-Taukei), Indo-Fijians, Chinese, Part-Europeans and other South Pacific Islanders. English is the official language with Fijian and Hindustani also widely spoken.
About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva, the Capital City or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry or Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is paramount.